Species Loligo vulgaris (Common squid)
Elongated mantle that can reach up to 50 cm without arms and tentacles, which are about half of the mantle size. Fins are rhomboid, about two thirds of the mantle. Chromatophores give this pecies the ability to change colour, usually whitish to pinkish with bright red purple stains on the upper part of the mantle. It has eight arms and two extensible tentacles. These tentacles have large suction cups in the middle row and smaller in the rest of the tentacular club.
Can be confused with many other cephalopods:
- Loligo forbesi, which has a bit larger fins, and uniform size of suction cups in the tentacular club. Stains in the upper part of the body are larger than those of L. vulgaris.
- Sepiotheutis lessoniana has longer arms, which are almost the same size of the mantle. Its fins extends throughout its mantle.
- Alloteuthis media is smaller, its head is narrower than its mantle, and has narrow tentacular club.
- Illex coindetii has narrower mantle and smaller fins, arms are larger.
- Todarodes sagittatus has narrower mantle, much longer tentacles completely covered by suction cups.
Text by Pau Batlle Vilanova
|Taxon||Vernacular name (ENG)|
- Is marine
Vernacular names for species Loligo vulgaris
|Albanian||kallamari, kalmari, lignja, ulignja||Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms|
|Dutch; Flemish||gewone pijlinktvis, pijlinktvis||Worms, Worms|
|English||common squid, European squid, inkfish, sea arrow, Cape Hope squid, lon-finned squid, Kalmar common squid||Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms|
|French||encornet, calmar commun, calmar||Worms, Worms, Worms|
|Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic||scuid||Worms|
|German||Kalmar, gemeiner Kalmar, gewöhnlicher Kalmar, Roter Gemeiner||Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms|
|Italian||calamaro, totariello||Worms, Worms|
|Portuguese||lula-vulgar, lula-comum||Worms, Worms|
|Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan||calmar||Worms|
|Russian||kalmar, srèdizemnomorskiy kalmar, severniy kalmar||Worms, Worms, Worms|