Species Loligo vulgaris (Common squid)

Elongated mantle that can reach up to 50 cm without arms and tentacles, which are about half of the mantle size. Fins are rhomboid, about two thirds of the mantle. Chromatophores give this pecies the ability to change colour, usually whitish to pinkish with bright red purple stains on the upper part of the mantle. It has eight arms and two extensible tentacles. These tentacles have large suction cups in the middle row and smaller in the rest of the tentacular club.

Can be confused with many other cephalopods:

  • Loligo forbesi, which has a bit larger fins, and uniform size of suction cups in the tentacular club. Stains in the upper part of the body are larger than those of L. vulgaris.
  • Sepiotheutis lessoniana has longer arms, which are almost the same size of the mantle. Its fins extends throughout its mantle.
  • Alloteuthis media is smaller, its head is narrower than its mantle, and has narrow tentacular club.
  • Illex coindetii has narrower mantle and smaller fins, arms are larger.
  • Todarodes sagittatus has narrower mantle, much longer tentacles completely covered by suction cups.


Text by Pau Batlle Vilanova



    TaxonVernacular name (ENG)
    No data is available
    Species profile
    • Is marine

    Vernacular names for species Loligo vulgaris

    Albaniankallamari, kalmari, lignja, ulignjaWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms
    DanishEuropæisk loligoWorms
    Dutch; Flemishgewone pijlinktvis, pijlinktvisWorms, Worms
    Englishcommon squid, European squid, inkfish, sea arrow, Cape Hope squid, lon-finned squid, Kalmar common squidWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms
    Frenchencornet, calmar commun, calmarWorms, Worms, Worms
    Gaelic; Scottish GaelicscuidWorms
    Galicianlura txibiaWorms
    GermanKalmar, gemeiner Kalmar, gewöhnlicher Kalmar, Roter GemeinerWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms
    Italiancalamaro, totarielloWorms, Worms
    Portugueselula-vulgar, lula-comumWorms, Worms
    Romanian; Moldavian; MoldovancalmarWorms
    Russiankalmar, srèdizemnomorskiy kalmar, severniy kalmarWorms, Worms, Worms
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