Species Palinurus elephas (Common crawfish)

It is an arthropod that can reach 30 to 50 cm. It has an elongated body and very long antennas, much longer than its body. The carapace is curved laterally and is covered with pointed tubercles. At the front, the caparace is prolonged with two triangular spines that form a couple of horns. Colour varies from red to brownish, and presents lighter spots of different shapes all over the body, including the antennas. Each abdominal segment has a lighter spot on either side of the axis of symmetry. Its walking feet have white lines. The fifth pair of legs is shorter than the others.

Juveniles present a yellow longitudinal line along the abdomen.

Might be confused by Palinurus mauritanicus, but these do not have a white line on the walking legs.


TaxonVernacular name (ENG)
No data is available
Species profile
  • Is marine

Vernacular names for species Palinurus elephas

Albanianastako, lemçjaWorms, Worms
Arabicazeffane, bakhouche, jarradh el bahr, jrad bharr, sidWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms
Dutch; Flemishhoornkreeft, gewone langoest, langoestWorms, Worms, Worms
Englishcommon crawfish, langouste, common spiny lobster, spiny lobster, crawfish, red crab, sea crayfish, European spiny lobsterWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms
Frenchlangouste rouge, langouste, langouste commune, langouste europeenneWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms
GermanGewöhnliche Languste, Stachelhummer, Languste, Europaische Languste, gemeine Languste, Europäische LangusteWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms, Worms
GreekΑστακός, astakos, astajusWorms, Worms, Worms
Italianaragosta mediterranea, aragosta, aligusta, arigustaWorms, Worms, Worms, Worms
Norwegian BokmållangustWorms
Norwegian NynorsklangustWorms
Spanishlangosta común, langostaWorms, Worms
Turkishbocek, beudicWorms, Worms
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